Month: April 2014

Book Review – Linked Fate of the Two Sudans

Book Review – Linked Fate of the Two Sudans By: Brian Adeba [et_pb_text... Review A Poisonous Thorn in Our Hearts: Sudan and South Sudan’s Bitter and Incomplete Divorce by James Copnall Published by Hurst and Company, London, March 2014. In his exhaustive and perceptive book, among the first to assess the birth of South Sudan in 2011, author James Copnall argues that Sudan’s bitter divorce is incomplete. On many facets – economic and cultural – the fate of the Sudans is intricately linked in a labyrinth of relations that are difficult to untangle with a political decision inked at a...

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When do disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration programmes succeed?

When do disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration programmes succeed? By: Lema Ijtemaye [et_pb_text... Publication Summary A publication by the German Development Institute focuses on the successful implementation of disarmament, demobilisation, and reintegration (DDR) programs. The paper asserts that ex-combatants who do not engage in DDR programs often pose serious threats to the fragile political stability of those states. In turn, the failure of reintegration may also lead to the re-recruitment of ex-combatants by rebel groups, which could initiate a new cycle of violence. The greatest danger associated with ex-combatants stems from their violent-oriented nature. This is particularly true of child...

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Obstacles to Reforming Zimbabwe’s Security Sector

Obstacles to Reforming Zimbabwe’s Security Sector By: Eric Muller [et_pb_text... Article The prospects of reforming Zimbabwe’s security sector appear bleak. Opposition activists and international observers hoped that security sector reform (SSR) would finally top the political agenda following the post-2008 election violence, in which the security services were heavily implicated. However, the power-sharing Government of National Unity (GNU) that resulted from the post-election political stalemate allowed Robert Mugabe’s Zimbabwe African National Union – Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF) party to retain control of all security portfolios. Moreover, the Global Political Agreement (GPA), which formed the backbone of the National Unity government, made...

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Post-Revolution Challenges to Libyan Border Security

Post-Revolution Challenges to Libyan Border Security By: David McDonough [et_pb_text... Article Following the overthrow of Gaddafi, Libya’s new government confronted a steadily declining political and security situation. In Benghazi, where the 2011 revolution began, there has been an upward trend of violence. The capital Tripoli has seen armed men besieging government ministries and even storming Parliament. Libyan Prime Minister Ali Zeidan was first kidnapped and more recently ousted from office, while his interim replacement Abdullah al-Thani only recently resigned following an armed attack against him and his family, exemplifying the sort of governmental instability that now plagues post-revolution Libya. The...

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Curbing Violence in Nigeria: The Boko Haram Insurgency

Curbing Violence in Nigeria: The Boko Haram Insurgency By: Lema Ijtemaye [et_pb_text... Publication Summary A new publication by the International Crisis Group focuses on the effects of the political violence in Nigeria, specifically the violence caused by Boko Haram. The insurgency led by Boko Haram, now entering its fourth year and showing no signs of abating, has had a particularly debilitating effect on Nigeria, resulting in the displacement of half a million people and the death of 4,000 civilians. The violence also threatens to spread to the neighbouring states of Niger and Cameroon, which do not have the capability...

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Cyber-Terrorism and Canada’s Cyber-Security Strategy

Cyber-Terrorism and Canada’s Cyber-Security Strategy By: Valarie Findlay [et_pb_text... Article When we hear the term cyber-terrorism, it conjures up visions of government computers and networks going black and information and assets surreptitiously disappearing due to clandestine breaches. But, as our world becomes more and more computerized, the concept of cyber-terrorism has broadened, with targets that can range from a country’s security sector and critical infrastructure to everyday facilities. Cyber-terrorism is becoming more of a mainstream security concern, as technology advances and malicious actors improve their knowledge and skills. So how real is the threat of cyber-terrorism? As evidenced by the growing number of sophisticated cyber-attacks, malicious...

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Informal Security Provisioning in Nigeria: Implications for Security Sector Governance

Informal Security Provisioning in Nigeria: Implications for Security Sector Governance By: Chris Kwaja [et_pb_text... Article Informal security providers have become the dominant feature of Nigeria’s security landscape. The inability of Nigeria’s state institutions to provide security for the people has created a security vacuum increasingly bridged by informal entities, which now constitute key actors in the security sector, notwithstanding the constitutional role of the formal security institutions. For the majority of people excluded from mainstream security provisioning, informal mechanisms have become parallel strategies for protection. Hence, security is increasingly becoming a public good managed by both the Nigerian state...

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