CSG PAPERS

This peer-reviewed paper series provides a venue for comprehensive research articles and reports on a variety of security and governance topics. It endeavours to present innovative research that is both academically rigorous and policy relevant. Authored by prominent academics, analysts and practitioners, the CSG Papers cover a range of topics, from geographic case studies to conceptual and thematic analysis, and are based on extensive research and field experience.

CSG Paper No. 18 – Managing Armed Groups in Myanmar’s Peace Process: Security Sector Governance as a Way Forward

This paper explores the dilemmas around the management of armed groups in the peace process in Myanmar, with a focus on the future of disarmament, demobilization and reintegration and security sector reform. The paper also argues that a clear conceptual understanding and consensus between ethnic armed organizations and the Union government on how to disarm, demobilize and reintegrate armed groups must be embedded in the framework of political dialogue and peace negotiation.

September 2017

CSG Paper No. 17 – Hybrid Police Work and Insecurity in the Mexican Federal State

This paper argues that the persistence of or increase in the insecurity of ordinary citizens in Mexico beyond 2011 is connected to hybridized policing systems that are increasingly marked by an undifferentiated deployment of actors of different origin (military, paramilitary, police) for public security tasks. The structural circumstances of the Mexican policing system contained latent threats to public security from the beginning while hybridized forms of policing finally brought these threats to the forefront as security risks or failures.

September 2017

CSG Paper No. 16 – The Gradual Emergence of Second Generation Security Sector Reform in Timor-Leste

This paper is the product of a multi-year CSG research project, titled Exploring the Transition from First to Second Generation SSR in Conflict-Affected Societies. The project assesses and evaluates the impact of orthodox security sector reform programming in the conflict-affected countries of Bosnia-Herzegovina, El Salvador, Sierra Leone and Timor-Leste. Funding for this project was provided by the Folke Bernadotte Academy.

January 2017

CSG Paper No. 15 – The Gradual Emergence of Second Generation Security Sector Reform in Sierra Leone

This paper is the product of a multi-year CSG research project, titled Exploring the Transition from First to Second Generation SSR in Conflict-Affected Societies. The project assesses and evaluates the impact of orthodox security sector reform programming in the conflict-affected countries of Bosnia-Herzegovina, El Salvador, Sierra Leone and Timor-Leste. Funding for this project was provided by the Folke Bernadotte Academy.

January 2017

CSG Paper No. 14 – The Gradual Emergence of Second Generation Security Sector Reform in El Salvador

This paper is the product of a multi-year CSG research project, titled Exploring the Transition from First to Second Generation SSR in Conflict-Affected Societies. The project assesses and evaluates the impact of orthodox security sector reform programming in the conflict-affected countries of Bosnia-Herzegovina, El Salvador, Sierra Leone and Timor-Leste. Funding for this project was provided by the Folke Bernadotte Academy.

January 2017

CSG Paper No. 13 – The Gradual Emergence of Second Generation Security Sector Reform in Bosnia-Herzegovina

This paper is the product of a multi-year CSG research project, titled Exploring the Transition from First to Second Generation SSR in Conflict-Affected Societies. The project assesses and evaluates the impact of orthodox security sector reform programming in the conflict-affected countries of Bosnia-Herzegovina, El Salvador, Sierra Leone and Timor-Leste. Funding for this project was provided by the Folke Bernadotte Academy.

January 2017

CSG Paper No. 12 – Assessing the Impact of Orthodox Security Sector Reform in Timor-Leste

This paper is the product of a multi-year CSG research project, titled Exploring the Transition from First to Second Generation SSR in Conflict-Affected Societies. The project assesses and evaluates the impact of orthodox security sector reform programming in the conflict-affected countries of Bosnia-Herzegovina, El Salvador, Sierra Leone and Timor-Leste. Funding for this project was provided by the Folke Bernadotte Academy.

September 2016

CSG Paper No. 11 – Assessing the Impact of Orthodox Security Sector Reform in Sierra Leone

This paper is the product of a multi-year CSG research project, titled Exploring the Transition from First to Second Generation SSR in Conflict-Affected Societies. The project assesses and evaluates the impact of orthodox security sector reform programming in the conflict-affected countries of Bosnia-Herzegovina, El Salvador, Sierra Leone and Timor-Leste. Funding for this project was provided by the Folke Bernadotte Academy.

September 2016

CSG Paper No. 10 – Assessing the Impact of Orthodox Security Sector Reform in El Salvador

This paper is the product of a multi-year CSG research project, titled Exploring the Transition from First to Second Generation SSR in Conflict-Affected Societies. The project assesses and evaluates the impact of orthodox security sector reform programming in the conflict-affected countries of Bosnia-Herzegovina, El Salvador, Sierra Leone and Timor-Leste. Funding for this project was provided by the Folke Bernadotte Academy.

September 2016

CSG Paper No. 9 – Assessing the Impact of Orthodox Security Sector Reform in Bosnia-Herzegovina

This paper is the product of a multi-year CSG research project, titled Exploring the transition from first to second generation SSR in conflict-affected societies. The project assesses and evaluates the impact of orthodox security sector reform programming in four conflict-affected countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina, El Salvador, Sierra Leone and Timor-Leste. Funding for this project was provided by the Folke Bernadotte Academy.

September 2016

CSG Paper No. 8 – Libya: A Post-Arab Spring Test for Security Sector Reform

This paper provides an overview of the Libyan conflict and current efforts to establish a transitional government. It maps the components of Libya’s security sector: military and police forces, justice institutions, and oversight institutions. It describes the elements of the proposed Government of National Accord and catalogues the tasks that must be performed to achieve SSR in Libya.

August 2016

CSG Paper No. 7 – Foreign Ownership Bans and Private Security: Protectionism or Security Sector Governance?

This paper discusses the practice of banning or restricting foreign ownership of private security companies. It outlines the current trends of expansion and consolidation in the global private security industry and presents a survey of foreign ownership legislation in a variety of case study countries.

July 2016

CSG Paper No. 6 – The Foundation for Defence Procurement Reform in Ukraine

Given the current security environment in Ukraine, the need to undertake fundamental reform in management of defence resources in that sector is essential. The focus of this CSG Paper is to provide a governance framework for such transformational reform in procurement that could be applied in Ukraine.

June 2016

CSG Paper No. 5 – Non-State Security Providers and Political Formation in Somalia

This CSG Paper shows that non-state security providers will remain a central feature of the Somali political landscape into the foreseeable future, and the Somali state will be forced to negotiate messy and fluid partnerships with these actors. This is the third of four papers produced as part of the CSG’s project on Non-State Security Providers and Political Formation in Conflict-Affected States. The project was made possible by generous financial support from the Gerda Henkel Foundation.

April 2016

CSG Paper No. 4 – Non-State Security Providers and Political Formation in South Sudan: The Case of Western Equatoria’s Arrow Boys

This paper analyzes the impact of the arrow boys, a militia in South Sudan’s south-western region established as a civilian protection mechanism, and the resurgence of support for reinstating a particular position of traditional leadership, the Zande King, on security governance and state formation in South Sudan.  This is the second of four papers produced as part of the project Non-State Security Providers and Political Formation in Conflict-Affected States, made possible by financial support from the Gerda Henkel Foundation.

April 2016

CSG Paper No. 3 – Non-State Security Providers and Political Formation in Afghanistan

This CSG Paper examines how diverse non-state security providers – warlords, tribal leaders and local strongmen – affect the process of state formation and statebuilding in Afghanistan. This is the first of four papers produced as part of the CSG’s project on Non-State Security Providers and Political Formation in Conflict-Affected States. The project was made possible by generous financial support from the Gerda Henkel Foundation.

March 2016

CSG Paper No. 2 – Civil Military Cooperation and Security Sector Reform in Complex Humanitarian Emergencies

This CSG Paper analyzes the nature of civil military relations and describes how they affect civil military cooperation and civil affairs in complex humanitarian emergencies. Understanding these relationships helps professionals to improve security sectors through practice and develop more effective security sector reform programming.

August 2015

CSG Paper No. 1 – Making Sense of the White Army’s Return in South Sudan

This paper examines the repurcussions of South Sudan’s civil war, focusing on the impact of the White Army, a Nuer civilian self-defence formation. The paper concludes with a number of recommendations to mitigate the potential for future conflict, including a comprehensive DDR program, the improvement of service delivery and the introduction of meritocracy in South Sudan’s hiring process.

February 2015