Tag: Security Governance

Security Sector Reform & Hybrid Security Governance In Africa

Prevailing approaches to security sector reform (SSR) have tended to stress Westphalian notions of the state characterized by legal-rational norms and institutions. Thus, SSR processes concentrated on the formal arrangements of the state and its security and justice institutions. Yet, such approaches are fundamentally at variance with the underlying realities of the African context, where many political and social transactions take place in the context of informal norms and systems.

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The Political Dynamics of Security in Fragile States

In many fragile societies state security organizations serve the interest of ruling elites in maintaining political power or their own institutional interests. What they often provide little of is security for ordinary people. This depressing situation is the result of a complex mix of factors including legacies of violence, underdeveloped institutions, personalized rule, profit-​making opportunities in settings of low growth, and high inequality, as well as high levels of political factionalism.

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Violent Non-State Actors and Complementary Governance: What ISIS, Hizballah and FARC Have in Common

In the absence of a strong state, insurgents, traffickers or tribal warlords may provide political and socioeconomic goods through arrangements we characterize as ‘complementary governance.’ When formulating an effective response to this security challenge, policymakers and researchers must account for the complex connections and interactions between multiple non-state governing entities.

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Security Governance: Major Challenge for Pakistan’s New PM Nawaz Sharif

Pakistan’s newly elected prime minister, Nawaz Sharif of the Pakistan Muslim League, has a daunting task ahead of him to provide security for his country’s 187 million citizens. Sharif has inherited the mushrooming Jihadist groups of the Punjab, Talibanization in North West Pakistan and Karachi, insurgency in Baluchistan, and deeply problematic security sector governance policies from previous governments.

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