Tag: Sierra Leone

Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration: Does ownership actually matter?

The outcomes of programs for disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) are affected by the way in which they are implemented. More participatory approaches, where ex-combatants feel they have had more say and greater ownership, lead to better results. This is important for how DDR can contribute to the wider peace process and to peacebuilding itself. Establishing trust during DDR is significant for political reconstruction.

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Transitional Justice and SSR: The case of Sierra Leone

Transitional justice measures and security sector reform (SSR) programs share the goal to have accountable security institutions, especially as a state’s security forces are often held responsible for human rights violations that occur during civil conflict or during authoritarian rule. While both can be mutually reinforcing, the sequencing of transitional justice and SSR is crucial.

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Bottom Up DDR: Sierra Leone’s Okada Riders

The most successful DDR and youth employment initiative in Sierra Leone did not come from United Nations or Government programming; it arose from disempowered youth helping themselves by founding the Sierra Leone Bike Riders Union, popularly known as the Okada Riders. The organization began in Makeni during the war when displaced youth banded together to provide a dirt-bike taxi service.

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