The Atlantic Council of Georgia has just published the Final Report of its Georgia Security Sector Review Project, with the support of the US Agency for International Development (USAID). The report offers a “review of the institutional, functional and legal aspects of the Georgian security sector,” in particular its ministries of defence, internal affairs, as well as its intelligence agencies. The report also explores the question of oversight (both parliamentary and civic) and the role of non-governmental organizations in security sector reform.
Despite important milestones in reforming Georgia’s security sector, especially evidence in its defence sector owing to US and NATO assistance, there is still significant room for progress. The Ministry of Internal Affairs could benefit from the separation of key functions and greater oversight, while functions of the country’s intelligence services and who they should report to remain unclear. Even Georgia’s military, which is seen as “NATO inter-operable,” suffers from gaps in its policy planning and management functions and could have its military education system improved.