Tag: Civil-Military Relations

Cameroon’s double-edged sword: Civil-military relations and the development of a new social contract

The fight against Boko-Haram, is transforming the identity of Cameroon’s army as well as the way it is perceived by its citizens. Cameroonians are mobilizing like never before around their army. The transformation is giving rise to an emerging ‘social contract’, with likely profound impact for security and the exercise of legitimate civilian control by the executive over the military.

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Timor-Leste: The Continuing Challenge of Police Building and Security Governance

Twelve years after independence, Timor-Leste currently experiences relative political stability. No serious incidents troubled the country since 2006 during the violent clashes between members of the police and the military, or the almost deadly assaults on the Timorese President and Prime Minister in 2008. This relative calm is mainly a result of Prime Minister Xanana Gusmão’s “buying peace” policy, but grave human security issues have begun to open up.

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No Military Reform for Egypt

During the demonstrations that led to the fall of former Presidents Hosni Mubarak (2011) and Mohammad Mursi (2013), a majority called for the intervention of the army to their side. Today, their quest for a national solution encouraged them to choose a member of the military, Field Marshal Abdelfattah al-Sisi, to head the Egyptian state. The popular backing of the army can only grow when Egypt faces serious security challenges, whether externally or internally.

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Political and Economic Reforms in Burma/Myanmar

Although China dominated much of the discussion at the 2014 ASEAN Summit, the gathering of the Southeast Asian nations in Myanmar provided the host country an opportunity to showcase the progress it has made since the implementation of key political and economic reforms. Despite these efforts, the country’s political system continues to be fragile and uncertainty over the role of its security sector remains.

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