Roadblocks to a Professional Security Sector in South Sudan

South Sudan’s security sector faces a multitude of issues, including lack of funds, lack of equipment, low institutional capacity, as well as poor training and education. As it stands, the government has yet to successfully address two issues crucial for the achievement of a professional security sector: disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration (DDR), which would help reduce the size of the armed forces, and ethnic patronage and ethnic imbalance within the army and police.

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Switching Gears from Concepts to Implementation: Defence Transformation in South Sudan

The South Sudan is a creation of decades of violent conflict spearheaded by the Sudan Peoples Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A). Efforts to support defence transformation have been done in a highly politicised, complex and competitive environment, overshadowed by unresolved tensions with Sudan and oil revenues not yet realised. Yet, much has been achieved.

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